Chateauesque and German/French Renaissance Revival in New York

Chateauesque is exactly what it sounds like: it’s a style based on sixteenth-century French chateaus in the Loire Valley of France. The elaborate revival style became popular between the 1880s and 1900s and was favored by the affluent.

The Chateauesque architecture style is rather easy to identify. Its main characteristics are:

  1. Chateau-like appearance
  2. Round tower with a conical roof
  3. Steeply pitched hipped or gable roof
  4. Multiple dormers
  5. Masonry (stone or brick) construction
  6. Elaborate detailing

German Renaissance Revival and French Renaissance Revival are closely related (and often used interchangeably) with the Chateauesque. The main difference is that while the Chateauesque buildings can be asymmetrical, French and German Renaissance Revival structures are symmetrical and well proportioned.

The style was made popular in the United States by Richard Morris Hunt, the first American architect to study in the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris.

The Dakota is a mix of Chateauesque, aka French Renaissance and German Renaissance.

Alwyn Court, 1910
Architecture firm: Harde & Short
Architectural style: French Renaissance
Address: 180 W 58th St
Ukrainian Institute/Fletcher House/Sinclair Mansion, 1899
Architect: C. P. H. Gilbert
Architectural styles: Châteauesque /French Renaissance
Address: 2 E 79th St

Felix M. Warburg House, 1906
Architect: C. P. H. Gilbert
Architectural styles: Châteauesque /French Renaissance
Location 1109 5th Avenue
William K. Vanderbilt Residence, aka Alva Vanderbilt’s “Petit Chateau”, 1882 – 1926 (demolished)
Architectural style: Châteauesque
Architect Richard Morris Hunt
660 5th Ave at W 52nd Street
Charles M. Schwab House, 1906 – 1948 (demolished)
Architect: Maurice Hébert
Architectural styles: Châteauesque /French Renaissance
Location: Riverside Drive, between 73rd and 74th Streets

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